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小寶寶的痰是從哪里來咽了怎么辦爸媽請這樣做!
2020-01-11 18:30  www.konga9ja.com

  宝宝咳嗽是好事,是一种呼吸道常见症状,咳嗽作为一种自我保护的反射动作,帮助排出呼吸道分泌物或异物。但是咳嗽伴有呼吸急促、烦躁、精神萎靡,爸爸妈妈们就要注意就医了!

The baby cough is a good thing, is a common respiratory symptoms, cough as a self-protective reflex action to help expel respiratory secretions or foreign bodies. But cough accompanied by shortness of breath, irritability, mental retardation, parents should pay attention to medical treatment!

  宝宝喉咙里有痰,咳不出,嗓子里呼噜呼噜响,这可怎么办?今天李瑛主任和大家聊一聊‘痰’这个折磨人的小东西。

There is phlegm in baby's throat, cough cannot come out, snoring in the throat, how can this do? Today Director Li Ying and everyone to talk about the'sputum' this torturous little thing.

  它对人的呼吸道起到保护作用,空气中的尘埃、有害颗粒,会被吸附在湿润的支气管壁上,呼吸道的分泌物会通过支气管上皮的纤毛运动,由下往上,最后通过宝贝的咳嗽排出体外,保护呼吸道。

It protects the human respiratory tract, dust in the air, harmful particles, will be adsorbed on the moist bronchial wall, respiratory secretions will be through the bronchial epithelium cilia movement, from the bottom up, and finally through the baby cough out of the body, to protect the respiratory tract.

  鼻腔分泌物若排出不畅囤积在鼻咽部,会流到嗓子里,引发咳嗽咳痰,大多数情况下,痰液被咳到嗓口时会被本能的被咽到胃里,但胃酸可将其分解,并不会伤害到宝宝。

If the nasal discharge is not smooth and stored in the nasopharynx, it will flow into the throat, causing cough and expectoration. In most cases, sputum will be instinctively swallowed into the stomach when coughed to the throat, but stomach acid can break it down without harming the baby.

  宝宝不会咳嗽,痰液自己很难排出,痰液量过多,可堵塞气道,容易继发感染。这时家长可用以下方法帮助宝宝排痰。

Baby will not cough, sputum itself is difficult to expel, sputum volume is excessive, can block the airway, easy secondary infection. At this point, parents can use the following methods to help the baby sputum.

  平躺姿势使呼吸道分泌物无法下流或者吐出,聚集在咽喉后部,痰液刺激咽喉而引起剧烈咳嗽。可以用儿童专用的海盐水或者生理盐水喷鼻腔,清理干净鼻涕,对刺激性咳嗽很有帮助。

Lie flat so that respiratory secretions cannot flow or spit out, gathered in the back of the throat, sputum irritation throat and caused a severe cough. You can use child-specific sea salt water or saline spray nasal cavity, clean nose, it is very helpful for irritating cough.

  竖抱拍背,爸妈把手扣起来,从孩子的背部,从下往上、从外往里拍,顺着孩子肺叶、支气管的走向,同时要求拍背时力度大一点,太轻的力度没有太大效果,以宝宝身体抖动为佳;小月龄宝宝可以选择侧卧排痰,手法与力度之相同。

Plunging back, parents clasped their hands, from the child's back, from the bottom up, from the outside, along the direction of the child's lung lobe, bronchus, at the same time asked to clap the back a little more, too light force is not too much effect, the baby's body shake is good; small baby can choose to lie on the side of the sputum, the same technique and strength.

  宝宝咳嗽有痰时,爸妈要多给宝宝喝温热的白开水,充足的水分能有效地帮助宝宝稀释痰液,有利于痰液的咳出。

When the baby coughs sputum, parents should give the baby more warm boiled water, sufficient moisture can effectively help the baby dilute sputum, is conducive to sputum cough.

  秋冬季保持室内适宜湿度,也很重要。建议在家里放一个湿度计,当室内空气湿度低于40%时,可以使用加湿器增加室内湿度,最好让室内空气湿度维持在60%最好。

It is also important to maintain indoor humidity in autumn and winter. It is recommended to put a hygrometer at home, when the indoor air humidity is less than 40%, the humidifier can be used to increase the indoor humidity, it is best to keep the indoor air humidity at 60%.

  很多妈妈觉得有痰咳嗽病情比较严重,其实刚好相反。宝宝痰多、鼻涕多更容易排出,病情并不一定是严重。有时反而是当宝宝咳嗽有痰了,也代表宝宝的病程进入了恢复阶段,护理得当的话很快就能好了。

Many mothers feel sputum cough is more serious, in fact just the opposite. The baby phlegm is much, the nose is much more easy to discharge, the condition is not necessarily serious. Sometimes is when the baby cough sputum, also represents the course of the baby into the recovery stage, the proper care can soon be good.